Mainstreaming biodiversity
conservation into Russia's energy
sector policies and operations

About the Project

Russia straddles eight biomes: polar deserts, arctic and sub-arctic forest tundra, taiga, broad-leaved forests, steppe, semi-arid and arid zones. The greater part of Russia’s territory (65%) is covered with little-disturbed or pristine natural complexes. It is a repository of globally significant biodiversity, hosting 14 of the world’s “Global 200 Ecoregions”, and 8 of them in their entirety. The state system for wildlife protection has been in existence for over a century. The system covers all natural zones, the main mountain massifs and some coastal waters.

However, as noted in Russia’s 4th National Report to the CBD, there is a deceleration in the pace of development of the network of specially protected natural areas (SPNAs) (including marine reserves, national parks and zakazniks that protect aquatic ecosystems). A significant share of Russia’s biological wealth will continue to exist outside the network of SPNAs. And, economic development will continue to place pressure on biodiversity outside protected areas. Most importantly, Russia’s regions of globally significant biodiversity are increasingly becoming the focus of energy development. The expected exponential growth of Russia’s energy sector means a potential further rise in threats to biodiversity. Whether and to what extent these threats materialize depends on if the baseline course of action is corrected to address biodiversity risks.

The desired long-term solution is for Russia to adapt its legislation and policies to include legal requirements for energy sector actors to take into consideration biodiversity conservation, and to develop and test technologies to implement these requirements in each industry.By so doing, Russia will be able to both minimize the adverse impact of energy sector development on biodiversity, and motivate positive actions to conserve biodiversity. Mainstreaming biodiversity conservation considerations into energy sector operations at project demonstration sites alone will ensure population stability of a number of IUCN Red List species.

The project will remove the barriers that hamper the realization of this long-term solution, through implementation of the four components. 

Booklet about the Project (ENG.)

© 2019